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Mass Intellectuality of the Neoliberal State: Mass Higher education, Public Professionalism, and State Effects in Chile

A new book by Nicolas Fleet

Palgrave Macmillan, 2021

Palgrave Studies on Global Policy and Critical Futures in Education

ISBN 978-3-030-77192-8

ISBN 978-3-030-77193-5 (eBook)

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-77193-5

From the Publisher:

This book engages with post-Marxist views on the productive and social transformations of post-industrial societies into cognitive capitalism. It provides extensive original analysis on the political roles that intellectual labour assumes in the post-bureaucratic organisation of the neoliberal state. It invigorates debates on state theory, cognitive capitalism, and student movements in Chile and Latin America.

In his book, Nicolas Fleet addresses the political effects of the massification of higher education and intellectual labor in the neoliberal state. Using the case of Chile, the author argues that public professionalism emerges in the mass university system, producing excesses of knowledge which infuse the state with political purpose at many levels. The emergence of the student movement in 2011, then the major social mobilization against the neoliberal state since the restoration of democracy in 1990, provided a clear manifestation of the politicization and ideological divisions of the mass university system. In conditions of mass intellectuality, public professionals mobilize their political affinities and links with society, eventually affecting the direction of state power, even against neoliberal policy. Through several interviews with academics, public professionals, and other documentary and statistical analyses, the book illustrates the different sites of political socialization and the ideological effectiveness of the emergent mass intellectuality of the neoliberal state.

Reviews:

“Fleet’s main contribution is to identify the key role played by a totally unexpected actor: a large mass of highly educated public servants, who are the product of the explosive expansion of education and for decades have also contested the neoliberal state from within.”

Patricio Silva, Professor of Modern Latin American History, Leiden University, The Netherlands

“This highly original and readable study is going to re-invigorate debates on state theory and enliven current discourses on cognitive capitalism and the knowledge economy.  The author’s insightful investigation of the Chilean university student and secondary school student movements is eye-opening and vitally relevant to the current struggles in Chile and all of Latin America today.”

Stefano Harney, Honorary Professor, Institute of Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice, University of British Columbia, Canada

“Nicolas Fleet shows how a mass intelligentsia grew out of a segregated education system in the world’s only truly neoliberal state. His masterly account of the bureaucracy, of education and of the clientelistic party system, offers a highly original explanation of the explosions of youth protest that opened the way to an unprecedented national consensus for the refoundation of the state in a Constitutional Assembly.”
David Lehmann, Emeritus Reader in Social Science and former Director of the Centre of Latin American Studies, University of Cambridge, UK

The Author:

Nicolas Fleet is Dean of Social, Legal and Economic Sciences at the Universidad Católica Silva Henríquez, Chile. He received his PhD in Sociology from the University of Cambridge, UK. His research focuses on political sociology and higher education.

For more information and Table of Contents, see: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-77193-5

Posted here by Glenn Rikowski

@ ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn-Rikowski

@ Academia: https://independent.academia.edu/GlennRikowski

Encyclopaedia of Marxism and Education

Edited by Alpesh Maisuria

Published by Brill: Leiden

ISBN: 978-90-04-50560-5

Published: 6 January 2022

For those concerned with exploring education through Marx and Marxism this is an important book. Alpesh Maisuria has assembled a tremendous international array of authors to address the significance of Marx and Marxism for education today.

Introduction by the Publisher:

This encyclopaedia showcases the explanatory power of Marxist educational theory and practice. The entries have been written by 51 leading authors from across the globe. The 39 entries cover an impressive range of contemporary issues and historical problematics. The editor has designed the book to appeal to readers within the Marxism and education intellectual tradition, and also those who are curious newcomers, as well as critics of Marxism.

The Encyclopaedia of Marxism and Education is the first of its kind. It is a landmark text with relevance for years to come for the productive dialogue between Marxism and education for transformational thinking and practice.

For Table of Contents, see: https://brill.com/view/title/61529?language=en

My chapter in the book is: Marxism and Education: [Closed] and …Open… pp.421-438.

Posted here by Glenn Rikowski

Glenn Rikowski at ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn-Rikowski  

Glenn Rikowski at Academia: http://independent.academia.edu/GlennRikowski

Artificial Intelligence in the Capitalist University: Academic Labour, Commodification, and Value

A new book by John Preston

New York: Routledge

https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003081654

eBook ISBN9781003081654

ABSTRACT

Using Marxist critique, this book explores manifestations of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Higher Education and demonstrates how it contributes to the functioning and existence of the capitalist university.

Challenging the idea that AI is a break from previous capitalist technologies, the book offers nuanced examination of the impacts of AI on the control and regulation of academic work and labour, on digital learning and remote teaching, and on the value of learning and knowledge. Applying a Marxist perspective, Preston argues that commodity fetishism, surveillance, and increasing productivity ushered in by the growth of AI, further alienates and exploits academic labour and commodifies learning and research. The text puts forward a solid theoretical framework and methodology for thinking about AI to inform critical and revolutionary pedagogies.

Offering an impactful and timely analysis, this book provides a critical engagement and application of key Marxist concepts in the study of AI’s role in Higher Education. It will be of interest to those working or researching in Higher Education.

The book is free to read on Creative Commons, @ https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/oa-mono/10.4324/9781003081654/artificial-intelligence-capitalist-university-john-preston

Posted here by Glenn Rikowski

@ Academia: https://independent.academia.edu/GlennRikowski

@ ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn-Rikowski

The Funnelling: Higher Education for Labour-power Production in the Shadow of Covid-19

This paper – recently published in The Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies – is now available at ResearchGate and Academia.

Abstract

This article explores how the UK Conservative Government’s Department for Education is taking advantage of the Covid-19 pandemic to restructure higher education in England towards labour-power production. There is nothing new in UK governments seeking to reshape higher education for labour-power development. But under cover of apparent concern for students’ well-being in the pandemic, the consequences for higher education institutions viewed as slacking or heel-dragging regarding their labour-power production drives have never been greater following the publication of Establishment of a Higher Education Restructuring Regime in Response to Covid-19 (DfE, 2020a): market exit and closure. The Great Interruption in labour-power production generated by Covid-19 can pose the question of whether we continue to assent to our labour-power being shaped for capital, or whether we redirect flows of labour-power development in directions of post-capitalist futures. 

Keywords: Covid-19, higher education, labour-power, educational restructuring, Great Interruption

@ ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/354723043_The_Funnelling_Higher_Education_for_Labour-power_Production_in_the_Shadow_of_Covid-19 and http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn-Rikowski

@ Academia: https://www.academia.edu/53201438/The_Funnelling_Higher_Education_for_Labour_power_Production_in_the_Shadow_of_Covid_19 and http://independent.academia.edu/GlennRikowski

Glenn Rikowski

London

16 October 2021

The Funnelling: Higher Education for Labour-power Production in the Shadow of Covid-19

Glenn Rikowski

Augmentations

London, 2nd August 2021

In July 2020, under the cover of Covid-19, the UK Department for Education (DfE) published Establishment of a Higher Education Restructuring Regime in Response to COVID-19 (DfE 2020a). This document focused primarily on restructuring higher education institutions in England (but not other nations of the UK) that were ‘at risk of market exit due to the challenges of COVID-19’ (Williamson 2020: 3). If higher education (HE) institutions wanted money from the DfE then their claims on the public purse would be assessed in light of the following objectives according to Gavin Williamson, Secretary of State for Education: protecting the welfare of current students; preserving the ‘internationally outstanding science base’; and aiding higher education providers to generate ‘high quality courses aligned with economic and societal needs’ (Ibid.).

In this article I show that Williamson’s ominously authoritarian sounding higher education restructuring regime seeks to funnel provision, teaching practices and student development into the stomach of capital. It is an educational regime for labour-power development that progressively narrows its focus; a reductionist machine that squeezes and propels work-ready graduates to points of perceived (as opposed to real) labour-power demand. As a funnelling process, this higher education restructuring regime is a program for enclosing education, imagination, institutions and aspirations into a narrow outlook based on the development of the unique capitalist commodity, labour-power, for the delight of capital and its human representatives.

You can read the full article at: https://augmentationsblog.wordpress.com/2021/08/02/the-funnelling-higher-education-for-labour-power-production-in-the-shadow-of-covid-19/

Glenn Rikowski

Postmodernism Adieu: Toward a Politics of Human Resistance

This is an article by Peter McLaren, Dave Hill, Mike Cole and Glenn Rikowski. It appeared in Marxism Against Postmodernism in Educational Theory (Lexington Books, 2002), chapter 12, pp.275-285.

It is now available at Academia: https://www.academia.edu/48165270/Postmodernism_Adieu_Toward_a_Politics_of_Human_Resistance and at ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/353148229_Postmodernism_Adieu_Towards_a_Politics_of_Human_Resistance   

Glenn Rikowski @ ResearchGate: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn-Rikowski

Glenn Rikowski

London

13 July 2021

SCHOOLS OF WAR – Online

This is an article I have written with Alisson Slider do Nascimento de Paula, and it was published in the ‘Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology’, and this journal can be viewed at: https://www.j-psp.com/.

Schools of War is now available at:

Academia: https://www.academia.edu/49357589/Schools_of_war

And at

ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352709060_Schools_of_war    

ABSTRACT: In his classic ‘The Condition of the Working Class in England’ (1845), Friedrich Engels argued that workers engaged in industrial action gained knowledge of economic processes, tactical awareness in struggles and grasped the value of solidarity in the face of employers‟ assaults on pay and working conditions. These struggles constituted “schools of war”; significant learning experiences for workers, argued Engels. Yet schools of war can take other forms, such as struggles against the capitalisation of education; educational institutions becoming sites of capital accumulation and preparation for capitalist work. In this sense, education has become a battleground as its privatisation, commodification, marketisation, commercialisation and monetisation have gathered pace in many countries since the second half of the twentieth century. This article argues that there are two main fronts in the war over the penetration of education by capital in contemporary society: the business takeover of education, as educational institutions become value- and profit-making sites; and the reduction of education to labour-power production. It explores these two fronts of war in terms of education policies in England and Brazil and argues for the establishment of forms of education beyond capitalist states and capital’s commodity forms.

Glenn Rikowski

@ ResearchGate: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn-Rikowski

London

9 July 2021

SCHOOLS OF WAR

This is an article I have written with Alisson  Slider do Nascimento de Paula, and it was published today in the ‘Journal of Pedagogical Sociology and Psychology’. You can see, and download the article (free, open access) at: https://www.j-psp.com/article/schools-of-war-10993.

ABSTRACT: In his classic ‘The Condition of the Working Class in England’ (1845), Friedrich Engels argued that workers engaged in industrial action gained knowledge of economic processes, tactical awareness in struggles and grasped the value of solidarity in the face of employers‟ assaults on pay and working conditions. These struggles constituted “schools of war”; significant learning experiences for workers, argued Engels. Yet schools of war can take other forms, such as struggles against the capitalisation of education; educational institutions becoming sites of capital accumulation and preparation for capitalist work. In this sense, education has become a battleground as its privatisation, commodification, marketisation, commercialisation and monetisation have gathered pace in many countries since the second half of the twentieth century. This article argues that there are two main fronts in the war over the penetration of education by capital in contemporary society: the business takeover of education, as educational institutions become value- and profit-making sites; and the reduction of education to labour-power production. It explores these two fronts of war in terms of education policies in England and Brazil and argues for the establishment of forms of education beyond capitalist states and capital’s commodity forms.

Glenn Rikowski

ResearchGate: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn-Rikowski

SOME RECENT PUBLICATIONS

These recent publications can be found at ResearchGate and Academia:

Rikowski, G. (2021) An Interview with Glenn Rikowski. Rethinking Critical Pedagogy, Vol.2 Issue 1, March.

At ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/350487423_An_Interview_with_Glenn_Rikowski

At Academia: https://www.academia.edu/45641960/An_Interview_with_Glenn_Rikowski

Rikowski, G. (2021) Crisis. In: S. Themelis (ed.) Critical Reflections on the Language of Neoliberalism in Education: Dangerous Words and Discourses of Possibility. London: Routledge.

At ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/347109171_Crisis

At Academia: https://www.academia.edu/45079016/Crisis

Rikowski, G. (2020) Critique of the Classical Theory of Education Crisis (Critica de Theoria Clássica de Crise da Educação). Trabalho & Educação, Vol.29 No.3, pp.16-67, September-December. (English with Portuguese Abstract).

At ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348349675_Critique_of_the_Classical_Theory_of_Education_Crisis_Critica_de_Theoria_Classica_de_Crise_da_Educacao

At Academia: https://www.academia.edu/44897543/Critica_de_Theoria_Cl%C3%A1ssica_de_Crise_da_Educa%C3%A7%C3%A3o_Critique_of_the_Classical_Theory_of_Education_Crisis_  

Rikowski, G. (2020) The Psychology of Capital. In: Stankovic Pejnović, V. & Matić, I. (Eds.) New Understanding of Capital in the 21st Century. Belgrade: Institute for Political Studies.

At ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/346627387_The_Psychology_of_Capital

At Academia: https://www.academia.edu/44634483/The_Psychology_of_Capital

Rikowski, G. (2020) Educação e Tragédia do Trabalho. In: A. Slider do Nascimento de Paula, F. Ferreira Costa, Kátia Rodrigues Lima & K. Costa Pereira (Eds.) CRÍTICA, TRABALHO E POLÍTICAS EDUCACIONAIS NO CENÁRIO DO CAPITALISMO MUNDIALIZADO, Chapter 6, Marilia: Lutus Anticapital. (Portuguese).

At ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/345747254_Educacao_e_Tragedia_do_Trabalho

At Academia: https://www.academia.edu/44480217/Educacao_e_Tragedia_do_Trabalho

Glenn Rikowski

London, 10th May 2021

BOOK LAUNCH

Critical Reflections on the Language of Neoliberalism in Education: Dangerous Words and Discourses of Possibility

Edited by Spyros Themelis, and published by Routledge in the Routledge Studies in Education, Neoliberalism, and Marxism, 2021.

Dave Hill is the Series Editor

The speakers include: Dave Hill (Series Editor), Spyros Themelis (Editor), Maria Chalari, Eleftheria Atta, Alpesh Maisuria, Richard Hall, Glenn Rikowski, Inny Accioly, Hasan Huseyin Aksoy, Angela Tuck, Elizabeth Simburger, Juan Ramon Rodriguez Fermandez, Sandra Gadelha.

I will be speaking about my chapter on ‘Crisis’.

The Zoom event is on: Friday 23 April 2021, 3.00pm BST

The event is sponsored by the Activism in Sociology Forum, of the British Sociological Association, who are providing their Zoom account:

https://zoom.us/j/97769944400?pwd=azd0ZHY1cUhVRUp3NkRJdXdHUldSQT09

Please feel free to ‘spread the word’ of this event on social media, department facilities etc.

My chapter in the book, Crisis, is available at:

ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/347109171_Crisis  

Academia: https://www.academia.edu/45079016/Crisis

Glenn Rikowski

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn_Rikowski

https://independent.academia.edu/GlennRikowski

THE PSYCHOLOGY OF CAPITAL

This is my latest article, published in New Understanding of Capital in the 21st Century, edited by Vesna Stanković Pejnović and Ivan Matić, and published by the Institute for Political Studies, Belgrade, December 2020.

ABSTRACT:

There is an antagonistic dynamic within the human in contemporary society: the struggle of labour and capital, the capital relation, is within us. This is the psychology of capital, which also entails that the class struggle – as the capital relation – also runs through us and fractures and divides our personhoods. It is argued that this monstrous psychology must be dissolved within capital: there is no outside or beyond to appeal to. We must side against ourselves as currently constituted. This can be achieved through forming and strengthening alternatives within and alien to capital, in collective and communising practices, and intellectual attacks. The argument has significant consequences for class and freedom in the project of leaving capital behind.

Keywords: capital, psychology, class, freedom, dissolution, alternatives, communisation

It is now available at ResearchGate and Academia:

The Psychology of Capital @ ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/346627387_The_Psychology_of_Capital

The Psychology of Capital @ Academia: https://www.academia.edu/44634483/The_Psychology_of_Capital

***END***

Posted here by Glenn Rikowski

Glenn Rikowski at ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn_Rikowski

Glenn Rikowski at Academia: http://independent.academia.edu/GlennRikowski

EDUCATION

EDUCATION AND THE TRAGEDY OF LABOUR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glenn Rikowski

 

This Draft paper of mine, Education and the Tragedy of Labour – completed on 25th June 2020 – can now be found at Academia, in the ‘Drafts & Pre-prints’ section, at:

https://www.academia.edu/43678143/Education_and_the_Tragedy_of_Labour

 

Abstract:

The argument of this paper is that, insofar as education is tied to the social production of labour-power in capitalism, or is infused with the business takeover of education, then, by default, it is in a tragic condition. This argument is pursued in conjunction with an exploration of some aspects of the literature on tragedy. The tragedy of labour results from the opposition between labouring for value production and capital’s profit system, and labouring for ourselves – individually and collectively – for human desires, needs and enhancement. Radical alternatives are required for the latter, otherwise education is doomed to be tied to capital’s prerogatives.

 

Glenn Rikowski at ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Glenn_Rikowski

Glenn Rikowski at Academia: http://independent.academia.edu/GlennRikowski