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New Book on Neoliberalism and Anti-Indigenous Racism in Peru

Racial Spoils from Native Soils: How Neoliberalism Steals Indigenous Lands in Highland Peru

Arthur Scarritt

This book explains how one man swindled his Andean village twice. The first time he extorted everyone’s wealth and disappeared, leaving the village in shambles. The village slowly recovered through the unlikely means of converting to Evangelical religions, and therein reestablished trust and the ability to work together. The new religion also kept villagers from exacting violent revenge when this man returned six years later. While hated and mistrusted, this same man again succeeded in cheating the villagers. Only this time it was for their lands, the core resource on which they depended for their existence.

This is not a story about hapless isolation or cruel individuals. Rather, this is a story about racism, about the normal operation of society that continuously results in indigenous peoples’ impoverishment and dependency. This book explains how the institutions created for the purpose of exploiting Indians during colonialism have been continuou sly revitalized over the centuries despite innovative indigenous resistance and epochal changes, such as the end of the colonial era itself. The ethnographic case of the Andean village first shows how this institutional set up works through—rather than despite—the inflow of development monies. It then details how the turn to advanced capitalism—neoliberalism—intensifies this racialized system, thereby enabling the seizure of native lands.

Cover art by: Edilberto Jimenez Quispe

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THE LEFT IN LATIN AMERICA: History, Present, Perspectives

International Symposium

Universityof Sao Paulo- FFLCH – History Department               

September 11, 12 and 13, 2012 (from 9am to 10pm)




Tuesday, September 11

OPENING: Emília Viotti da Costa

09:00 h. (AH): FROM PETISM TO LULISM: THE PT YESTERDAY AND TODAY: André Singer – Lincoln Secco – Tales Ab’Sáber – Cyro Garcia

09:00 h. (AG): LEFT, DICTATORSHIPS AND HUMAN RIGHTS Pedro Pomar – Jorge Souto Maior – Olgária Matos – Sergio Adorno

09:00 h. (CPJ): INTELECTUALS AND MARXISM IN LATIN AMERICA: Bernardo Ricupero – Lidiane Soares Rodrigues – Marcos Napolitano – Maurício Cardoso

14:00 h. (AH): COMMUNISM IN THE HISTORY OF BRAZIL: Milton Pinheiro – Apoena Cosenza – Frederico Falcão – Marly Vianna

14:00 h. (AG): CHINA AND LATIN AMERICA: Wilson N. Barbosa – Marcos Cordeiro Pires – Luis Antonio Paulino – Vladimir Milton Pomar

14:00 h. (CPJ): CUBA: PAST AND PRESENT OF THE REVOLUTION: Luiz E. Simões de Souza – Joana Salém – Silvia Miskulin – José R. Máo Jr.

17:00 h. (AH): NATURAL RESOURCES, ENERGY AND CONTINENTAL INTEGRATION: Ildo Sauer – Ariovaldo U. de Oliveira – Mónica Arroyo – Raimundo Rodrigues Pereira

17:00 h. (AG): COMPENSATORY SOCIAL PROGRAMS: THE WAY OUT OF POVERTY?: RuyBraga- Eduardo Januario – Maria Cristina Cacciamali – Fúlvia Rosenberg

17:00 h. (CPJ): PERU, ECUADOR, BOLIVIA: INDIANISM AND ANDINE COSMOVISION: Vivian Urquidi – Enrique Amayo – Tadeu Breda – Mónica Bruckmann

17:00 h. (RXCP): LANGUAGES AND LITERATURE: RESISTENCE DISCOURSES: Elvira Narvaja de Arnoux – Graciela Foglia – Adrián Fanjul – Pablo Gasparini

19:30 h. (AH): THE STUDENTS STRUGGLE IN LATIN AMERICA: Clara Saraiva – Alejandro Lipcovich – Lucia Sioli – Mario Costa

19:30 h. (AG): LATIN AMERICA IN INTERNATIONAL GEOPOLITICS: André Martin – Leonel Itaussu A. Mello – Rodrigo Medina Zagni – Manoel Fernandes

19:30 h. (CPJ): COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA: Antonio C. Mazzeo – Marcos Del Roio – Victor Vigneron – Kennedy Ferreira


Wednesday, September 12

09:00 h. (AH): VENEZUELA AND  THE BOLIVARIAN REVOLUTION: Rafael Duarte Villa – Gilberto Maringoni – Flavio Benedito – Flavio Mendes

09:00 h. (AG): SOCIAL NETWORKS, DIGITAL ACTION AND POLITICAL ACTIVISM: Sergio Amadeu – Raphael Tsavkko – Rodrigo Vianna – Luiz Carlos Azenha

09:00 h. (CPJ): BOLIVIA: FROM THE POPULAR ASSEMBLY TO EVO MORALES: Everaldo Andrade – Diego Siqueira – Cristian Henkel – Igor Ojeda

14:00 h. (AH): MARXISM IN LATIN AMERICA: Michael Lowy – Osvaldo Coggiola – Luiz Bernardo Pericás – Carlos Guilherme Mota

14:00 h. (AG): MEXICO: FROM ZAPATA TO ZAPATISM: Waldo Lao Sánchez – Igor Fuser – Jorge Grespan – Azucena Jaso

14:00 h. (CPJ): LEFT BOOK PUBLISHERS IN LATIN AMERICA: Marisa Midori – Flamarion Maués – Rogerio Chaves  – Sandra Reimão

14:00 h. (RXCP): SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: A LEFT WING APPROACH: Renato Dagnino – Carlos Sanches – Ciro T. Correa – Marcos B. de Oliveira

17:00 h. (AH): ANARCHISM IN LATIN AMERICA: Edson Passetti – Marcos A. Silva – Ricardo Rugai – Margareth Rago

17:00 h. (AG): THE LEFT AND THE POPULISM: Maria Helena Capelato – Maria Ligia Prado – Antonio Rago – Fernando Sarti Ferreira

17:00 h. (CPJ): COLOMBIA: FROM ‘VIOLENCE’ TO THE ENDLESS WAR: Antonio Carlos R. de Moraes – Yuri Martins Fontes – Ana Carolina Ramos – Pietro Lora Alarcón

17:00 h. (RXCP): SOCIALISM AND ANTI-IMPERIALISM IN LATIN AMERICA: Vitor Schincariol – Carlos César Almendra – Fabio Luis – Alexandre Hecker

19:30 h. (AH): MARXISM IN BRAZIL: Paulo Arantes – Dainis Karepovs – Armando Boito – Ricardo Musse

19:30 h. (AG): ARMED STRUGGLE IN BRAZIL: A BALANCE SHEET: Carlos Eugénio Clemente – João Quartim de Moraes – Ivan Seixas – Antonio R. Espinosa

19:30 h. (CPJ): FEMINISM AND SOCIALISM IN LATIN AMERICA: Fernanda Estima – Cecília Toledo – Sara Albieri – Janete Luzia Leite


Thursday, September 13

09:00 h. (AH): PICKETS, OCCUPIED FACTORIES, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Néstor Pitrola – Josiane Lombardi – Atenágoras Teixeira Lopes – Rodrigo Ricupero

09:00 h. (AG):  THE LEFT AND THE ENVIRONMENT: Francisco del Moral Hernández – Mauricio Waldman – Ana Paula Salviatti – Gilson Dantas

09:00 h. (CPJ): SOCIALISM AND SOCIAL-DEMOCRACY IN LATIN AMERICA: Adalberto Coutinho – Gonzalo Rojas – Lucio Flavio de Almeida – Claudio Batalha

14:00 h. (AH): THE STRUGGLE FOR LAND IN LATIN AMERICA: Gilmar Mauro – Zilda Iokoi – Horacio Martins de Carvalho – Valeria De Marcos

14:00 h. (AG): THE LEFT FRONT IN ARGENTINA(AND BRAZIL): Luis Mauro S. Magalhães – Pablo Rieznik – Valério Arcary – João Batista Araújo ‘Babá’

14:00 h. (CPJ): LATIN AMERICA: IMMUNE TO THE CRISIS?: José Menezes Gomes – Plínio de Arruda Sampaio Jr. – Leda Paulani -Ramón Peña Castro

17:00 h. (AH): THE WORKING CLASS IN LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY: Ricardo Antunes – Agnaldo dosSantos- Sean Purdy – Mauro Iasi

17:00 h. (AG): LEFT, CHURCHES, SEXUAL DIVERSITY AND HOMOPHOBIA: Laerte – Horacio Gutiérrez – Jean Wyllys – Maria Fernanda Pinto

17:00 h. (CPJ): UNIVERSITY DILEMMAS IN LATIN AMERICA: Gladys Beatriz Barreyro – Afrânio Catani – César Minto – João Flavio Moreira

17:00 h. (RXCP): PARAGUAY: FROM THE WAR TO ITAIPU: Cristiana Vasconcelos – Dorival Goncalves – Brás Batista Vaz – Filipe Canavese

19:30 h. (AH): LATIN AMERICA, THE WORLD CRISIS AND THE LEFT: Plínio de Arruda Sampaio – Jorge Altamira – Ricardo Canese – Valter Pomar

19:30 h. (AG): DRUGS, DRUG TRAFICKING  AND CAPITALISM IN LATIN AMERICA: Henrique Carneiro – Julio Delmanto – Rosana Schwartz – José Arbex

19:30 h. (CPJ): LIBERATION THEOLOGY IN THE 21st CENTURY: Fernando Torres Londoño – Lucelmo Lacerda – Valéria Melki Busin – Jung Mo Sung

AH: History Amphitheater / AG: Geography Amphitheater/ CPJ: Caio Prado Junior/ RXCP: Reinaldo Carneiro Pessoa


On-Line Inscriptions:      

Support: GMarx – NEPHE – CEMOP – Mouro      

Free Entrance   Frequency certificates will be provided

Organization:LincolnSecco – Osvaldo Coggiola – Rodrigo Ricupero – Jorge Grespan – Marcos A. Silva – Francisco Alambert

Co-Organization: PROLAM (Post Graduation Program in Integration of Latin America) – USP




‘I believe in the afterlife.

It starts tomorrow,

When I go to work’

Cold Hands & Quarter Moon, ‘Human Herbs’ at: (recording) and (live)


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Disguised as maximum fun’

Cold Hands & Quarter Moon, ‘Stagnant’ at: (recording) and (live, at the Belle View pub, Bangor, north Wales)  


‘Human Herbs’ – a new remix and new video by Cold Hands & Quarter Moon:

‘Stagnant’ – a new remix and new video by Cold Hands & Quarter Moon:  

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The Libertarian Book Club,* New York City’s oldest continuously active anarchist institution (founded 1946), kicks off a new season of its Anarchist Forum series as World War 4 Report editor Bill Weinberg, just returned from Peru where he was on assignment for The Progressive, speaks about the Quechua indigenous struggle against US-backed mining projects and in defense of land, water and autonomy in the Andes.

The high Andean region of Cajamarca has been repeatedly paralyzed by general strikes and angry protests in recent months by Quechua peasants opposed to the US-owned Conga gold mining project, which would mean the destruction of mountain lakes that protect the watersheds that local communities depend on for agriculture. Cajamarca’s regional government, with the support of the peasant movement, has declared against the project – but the central government in Lima remains intransigent, and is militarizing the region. The lines are drawn for a protracted struggle.

This is a sequel to the strikes and uprisings in Peru in 2009 over oil and mineral development plans tied to the new Free Trade Agreement with Washington – itself an echo of the Zapatista revolt in Mexico that followed the enactment of NAFTA. Peru is now Latin America’s second country to be pushed to crisis by an FTA with the US – and South America’s second largest recipient of US military aid after Colombia. Bill Weinberg will discuss the new peasant struggle in Peru, how US corporate interests are pushing President Ollanta Humala towards a hard line, and the prospects for building solidarity.

Tuesday May 15
7:30 PM sharp
at the Brecht Forum, 451 West Street
(between Bank & Bethune in the West Village)

*The Anarchist Forum is a project of the Libertarian Book Club, New York’s oldest active anarchist institution, founded by Jewish and Italian exiles from fascist Europe in 1946. We are not right-wing, capital-L Libertarians. We are left-wing anarchists. When LBC was founded, the word “libertarian” had not yet been co-opted by the free-market right, and was basically a synonym for “anti-authoritarian” or “anarchist.” We stubbornly refuse to surrender the name.


‘Human Herbs’ – a new remix and new video by Cold Hands & Quarter Moon:

‘Stagnant’ – a new remix and new video by Cold Hands & Quarter Moon:  

‘Cheerful Sin’ – a song by Victor Rikowski:

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Machu Picchu


New from MR Press!
José Carlos Mariátegui
An Anthology

Edited and translated by Harry E. Vanden and Marc Becker

José Carlos Mariátegui is one of Latin America’s most profound but overlooked thinkers. A self-taught journalist, social scientist, and activist from Peru, he was the first to emphasize that those fighting for the revolutionary transformation of society must adapt classical Marxist theory to the particular conditions of Latin America. He also stressed that indigenous peoples must take an active, if not leading, role in any revolutionary struggle.

Today Latin America is the scene of great social upheaval. More progressive governments are in power than ever before, and grassroots movements of indigenous peoples, workers, and peasants are increasingly shaping the political landscape. The time is perfect for a rediscovery of Mariátegui, who is considered an intellectual precursor of today’s struggles in Latin America but virtually unknown in the English-speaking world. This volume collects his essential writings, including many that have never been translated and some that have never been published. The scope of this collection, masterful translation, and thoughtful commentary make it an essential book for scholars of Latin America and all of those fighting for a new world, waiting to be born.

“A fully representative anthology of José Carlos Mariátegui is finally accessible to the English-speaking public…. Discover a thinker who not only was the pioneer of Marxist analysis of Peruand Latin Americabut one of the great universal Marxist authors of the twentieth century.”—Michael Löwy, editor of José Carlos Mariategui’s Por un socialismo indoamericano

“An intelligent and welcomed selection from Mariátegui’s complete works…. His disciplined prose illuminates the ‘real’ with unique and powerful insights of particular relevance for thinking our own current  crisis.”—Sara Castro-Klaren, Professor of Latin American Culture and Literature, The Johns Hopkins University

“Marvelous…. This much-needed volume is a gift, facilitating the international renewal and enrichment of revolutionary Marxism in the twenty-first century.”—Paul LeBlanc, Professor of History, La Roche College; author, From Marx to Gramsci and Marx, Lenin and the Revolutionary Experience

“By far the most comprehensive collection of writings by one of the most creative Marxist thinkers of the twentieth century….Vanden and Becker’s in-depth introductory essay correctly points to the persistent relevance of Mariátegui to a full understanding of current developments in Latin American politics, economies, and societies.”— Carlos M. Vilas, author, Between Earthquakes and Volcanoes and The Sandinista Revolution

“The recent emergence of the governments of the so-called marea rosada or Pink Tide inLatin America makes the publication of this comprehensive anthology of Mariategui’s work especially timely. The book will be an event for English-language readers interested in radical thought comparable to the appearance of the selections from Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks in the early 1970s.”—John Beverley, Professor of Spanish and Latin American Literature and Cultural Studies,University ofPittsburgh

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Organised by the Department of Development Studies
School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)
University of London
Convenor: Prof. Gilbert Achcar


Wednesday 27 October, 6:30pm
SOAS, Brunei Gallery Lecture Theatre

Free entrance

Born in 1934, Hugo Blanco reached international fame as the leader of the land struggle in Peru in the early 1960s, when he joined the peasants’ struggle in the Convencion valley. He led the indigenous Quechua peasants’ into unionisation, land occupation and armed resistance. Captured in 1963, he escaped the death penalty only thanks to an international campaign in which Bertrand Russell and Jean-Paul Sartre took a prominent part. Sentenced to 25 years imprisonment, he was chosen by Amnesty International as its ‘prisoner of the year’ in 1968, and released three years later only to be deported. He ended in Salvador Allende’s Chile, from where he was smuggled out by the Swedish embassy after Augusto Pinochet’s 1973 military putsch. Hugo Blanco was able to return to Peru in 1978, and was elected to parliament. In 1992, he had to flee the country again, and received political asylum in Mexico where he could observe the Zapatista uprising in Chiapas, an experience which contributed to shaping his understanding of the role of indigenous movements. Presently back in Peru, Hugo Blanco edits Lucha Indigena, a newspaper dedicated to the indigenous cause.

Gilbert Achcar
Professor of Development Studies & International Relations
University of London – School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)
Russell Square – Thornhaugh Street
London WC1H 0XG
Phone +44 (0)20 7898 4557
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‘I believe in the afterlife.

It starts tomorrow,

When I go to work’

Cold Hands & Quarter Moon, ‘Human Herbs’ at: (recording) and (live)

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The Ockress:
Wavering on Ether:

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Call for Papers

Re-inventing the Lefts in Latin America: Critical Perspectives from Below

Issue Editors: Sara C. Motta and Laiz R. Chen

This edition seeks to bring to light ‘views from the underside’ about the reinvention of politics, power and political economy that is occurring in the region or what is often referred to as the Pink Tide.

The Pink Tide, or shift to the left in governments and politics in Latin America, can be many things, depending on the perspective one takes. The ‘perspective of power’ tends to see politics from the top, with a focus on political elites, the actions and decisions of political leaders, and the changing and making of policy. This perspective sometimes has a fear of the masses. Their creativity and politicization is often framed as irrationality and the governments that they elect such as Chavez in Venezuela and Morales in Bolivia are framed as the Bad Left in contradistinction to the Good Left to be found in the Concertación in Chile and the Workers’ Party Government in Brazil. Conversely, views from the underside are developed from, and in engagement with, the practices, imaginaries, political histories, cultures and projects of the subaltern, understood here as those excluded from the fruits of the liberal project of free markets and liberal democracy. They have a commitment to making visible and legitimate such practices and experiences as a means to develop an ethical critique of dominant forms of capitalist power and domination. This special edition seeks to contribute to this process of strengthening and legitimizing subaltern alternatives from below by opening windows to their diversity, complexity, creativity and vibrancy.

Many of the new forms of popular politics in the region, from the development of new forms of state power in participatory asembleas and decision making forum, to forms of self-government, expand the practice and theory of politics. They involve a politicization of community and social relations, the formation of new democratic subjectivities from the informal sectors, urban shanty town dwellers, landless peasants and unemployed workers and often an experimental and open practice of collective construction in the everyday of their projects of social transformation and political change. These new forms of subaltern politics are often outstripping conceptual and theoretical frameworks premised in representational understandings of political organization and theoretical production. We are faced with political practices that are recognized as leftist but which differ from many of the leftist theoretical traditions. There is therefore often a mismatch between old tools of analysis and the practices of new movements. Hence the desire and need for theoretical, conceptual and methodological reflection based on an engagement with, and participation in, these experiences of subaltern politicization.

Thus, the focus of this edition is to contest the perspective of power by developing analyses from, and in dialogue with, popular politics from below. This doesn’t merely mean micro-analysis but rather the development of  particular theoretical and normative orientations that engage with a multiplicity of spatial scales of analysis: the local ( community, everyday and subjective), the regional, the national and the transnational. We hope that these analyses can contribute to forging epistemological, theoretical and methodological categories and tools to bridge the gap between new movements and the academy. Thus as opposed to framing the Pink Tide as a homogenizing project, this issue aims to present the rich diversity of the many Lefts through their plural, experimental, creative, institutional, political, social, subjective, everyday and affective experiences. The distinct natures of these experiences (i.e. from popular education, autonomous movements, participatory assemblies, social programs, cultural politics, co-operatives, etc.) from different countries in Latin America will provide the diversity and creative energy that we want to capture.

This issue combines the re-thinking of power, political change and social transformation through the analyses of left politics from cultural workers, social movements participants, organic intellectuals, artists, popular educators and community activists – with different ways of seeing and learning to see all the lefts, in their contradictions, tensions but also resonances and connections. Therefore, in this issue, we welcome reflections about the use for example of story and song in constructing a cultural politics of resistance, as well as political economy and social movement research.

In sum, we invite papers that engage from below to produce theoretically rich, empirically embedded and politically enabling analyses that can contribute to the consolidation and development of subaltern left utopias – as an imagining and practice of impossibility made possible, not merely about reforming but radically transforming ‘what is’ – of the 21st Century. 

We recommend contacting the issue editors as soon as possible with a short abstract of proposed articles to avoid duplication.  We cannot guarantee consideration for this issue of manuscripts received after Jan. 31, 2011.  If you cannot meet this deadline but are interested in submitting, please contact the issue editors (contact information below) and the LAP Future Issues Coordinator, Rosalind Bresnahan at

We invite manuscripts including, but not limited to, the following key questions that are the focus of the issue:

-What are the projects, imaginaries and practices of new forms of subaltern politics?

-What is the role of political parties in these processes?

-Is the state a barrier or enabler of new forms of subaltern politics?

-What is the role of pedagogies of dissent and transformation, often based on experiences of popular education, in the formation of such new forms of politics?

-How do we develop conceptual, theoretical and methodological tools to engage meaningfully with such new forms of politics?

-What type of politics of knowledge is being developed and how can we as researchers, committed to developing politically enabling research, learn from and contribute to this?

-What role is there for movement relevant research?

-How are the lefts shaping and being shaped by emerging popular political cultures?

-What are the future prospects for grass-roots political organizing in Latin America when building up relationships at regional and transnational scales?

-What is the nature of the links between the Pink Tide and external politics (beyond Latin America)?


Manuscripts should be no longer than 25 pages (approximately 7,000-7,500 words) of double-spaced 12 point text with 1 inch margins, including notes and references, and paginated.  Please follow the LAP style guide which is available at under the “Submissions” tab.   Please use the “About” tab for the LAP Mission Statement and details about the manuscript review process. 

Manuscripts may be submitted in English, Spanish, or Portuguese.  If submitting in Spanish or Portuguese, please indicate if you will have difficulty reading correspondence from the LAP office in English. 

All manuscripts should be original work that has not been published in English and that is not being submitted to or considered for publication elsewhere in identical or similar form.

Please feel free to contact the Issue Editor with questions pertaining to the issue but be sure that manuscripts (including separate file with basic biographical information and e-mail and postal addresses) are sent to the LAP office in Word or rtf format by e-mail to: with the subject line – “Your name – MS for Reinventing the Lefts issue”

In addition to electronic submission (e-mail, or CD-R or floppy disk if unable to send by e-mail) if possible submit two print copies including a cover sheet with basic biographical and contact information to:

Managing Editor, Latin American Perspectives¸ P.O. Box 5703, Riverside, California 92517-5703. 

Editor contact information:  Sara Mota  – Laiz Chen –

Re-inventando las Izquierdas en América Latina: Perspectivas críticas desde la base

Editores: Sara C. Motta and Laiz R. Chen

Esta edición busca sacar a la luz “visiones desde la base” sobre la reinvención de la política, el poder y la economía política que está ocurriendo en la región, lo que usualmente es llamado la ola de izquierdización.

La ola de izquierdización en gobiernos y política en América Latina, puede ser varias cosas, dependiendo de la perspectiva con que se mire. La perspectiva del poder tiende a ver la política desde lo alto, centrada en las elites políticas, la acción y las decisiones de los líderes políticos, y en la formulación y cambios de políticas. Esta perspectiva usualmente tiene miedo de las masas. Su creatividad y politización es catalogada como irracional y los gobiernos que ellas eligen como Chávez en Venezuela o Morales en Bolivia son calificados como la “Mala Izquierda” en oposición con la “Buena Izquierda” que puede ser encontrada en la Concertación en Chile y en el gobierno del Partido de los Trabajadores en Brasil. En contraste, visiones desde la base son desarrolladas desde, y en concordancia con las prácticas, imaginarios, historias políticas, culturas y proyectos de los subalternos, entendiendo por estos a aquellos excluidos de los frutos de los proyectos liberales del libre mercado y la democracia liberal. Ellos tienen un compromiso para hacer visibles y legitimar esas prácticas y experiencias como medios para desarrollar una crítica ética de las formas predominantes de poder y dominación capitalistas. Esta edición especial busca contribuir con este proceso de fortalecimiento y legitimación de las alternativas desde abajo, del subalterno, por medio de la apertura de ventanas a su diversidad, complejidad, creatividad y vitalidad.

Muchas de estas nuevas formas de política popular en la región, desde el desarrollo de nuevas formas de poder estatal en asambleas participativas y foros resolutivos, hasta formas de autogobierno, expanden la práctica y la teoría de la política. Estas involucran una politización de la comunidad y sus relaciones sociales, la formación de nuevas subjetividades democráticas desde el sector informal, habitantes de las villas miseria, campesinos sin tierra y trabajadores desempleados, y con frecuencia prácticas abiertas y experimentales de construcción colectiva en el diario vivir de sus proyectos de transformación social y cambio político. Estas nuevas formas de política subalterna son sobrepasadas con frecuencia por premisas teóricas y conceptuales  basada en la representatividad como forma de organización política y producción teórica. Nos enfrentamos con prácticas políticas que son reconocidas como de izquierda pero las que difieren de muchas de las tradiciones teóricas de izquierda. Hay, por tanto, frecuentemente  una desigualdad entre las antiguas herramientas analíticas y las practicas de los nuevos movimientos. Por tanto, se hace necesario y deseable una reflexión teórica, conceptual y metodológica basada en el involucramiento con, y la participación de, estas experiencias de politización subalternas.

Así, el foco de esta publicación es hacer frente a la perspectiva del poder desarrollando análisis desde, y en dialogo con, políticas populares desde la base. Esperamos que estos análisis puedan contribuir a forjar categorías epistemológicas, teóricas y metodológicas y herramientas que unan la brecha entre nuevos movimientos sociales y la academia. Así como oposición a encuadrar la ola de izquierdización como un proyecto homogéneo, este volumen espera presentar la riqueza diversa de muchas izquierdas por medio de sus experiencias plurales, experimentales, creativas, institucionales, políticas, sociales, subjetivas, cotidianas y afectivas. La distintiva naturaleza de estas experiencias (por ejemplo, desde la educación popular, movimientos autónomos, asambleas participativas, programas sociales, políticas culturales, cooperativas, etc.) de diferentes países en América Latina proveerá de la energía creativa y diversa que deseamos capturar.

Este volumen combina el repensar del poder, del cambio político y de la transformaciones sociales a través del análisis de políticas de izquierda  de trabajadores culturales, movimientos sociales participativos, intelectuales orgánicos, artistas, educadores populares y activistas comunitarios, con diferentes formas de ver y aprender a ver todas las izquierdas, en sus contradicciones, tensiones, pero también en resonancia y conexión. Por tanto,  en este volumen, damos la bienvenida a reflexiones sobre, por ejemplo, el uso del relato y la canción en la construcción de políticas culturales de resistencia, como también a la economía política y al estudio de los movimientos sociales.

En resumen, invitamos a enviar artículos elaborados desde  la base para producir  análisis teóricos ricos, empíricamente vinculantes y políticamente útiles que puedan contribuir con la consolidación y desarrollo de las utopías de izquierda subalternas del siglo 21.

Las preguntas de esta edición están centradas en:

–          ¿Cuáles son los proyectos, imaginarios y prácticas de esta nueva forma de política subalterna?

–          ¿Cuál es el rol de los partidos políticos en este proceso?

–          ¿Es el Estado una barrera o un facilitador de nuevas formas de política subalterna?

–          ¿Cuál es el rol de las pedagogías del disenso y de la transformación, frecuentemente basadas en las experiencias de la educación popular, en la formación de estas nuevas formas políticas?

–          ¿Cómo desarrollamos herramientas conceptuales, teóricas y metodológicas para vincularse significativamente con estas nuevas formas políticas?

–          ¿Qué tipos de política del conocimiento está siendo desarrollada y cómo podemos, como investigadores, comprometernos a desarrollar políticamente un estudio facilitador , aprender y contribuir a esto?

–          ¿Cuáles son las izquierdas  formadas y que están siendo formadas por la emergencia de culturas políticas populares?

–          Cual es la posibilidad futura para organizaciones políticas de base en America Latina para que se fortalezcan a escala regional y transnacional?

–          Cuál es la naturaleza de las relaciones entre la ola de izquierdización y la política  de más allá de América Latina?

Re-inventando a Esquerda na América Latina: Perspectivas Críticas de Base

Editores: Sara C. Motta e Laiz R. Chen

Esta edição especial tenciona trazer para o centro do debate perspectivas críticas de base sobre a reinvenção da política, poder e economia política na América Latina – fenômeno já denominado ‘Pink Tide’.

Tal fenômeno, considerado como a ‘esquerdização’ nos governos e na política da América Latina, pode ser interpretado de diversas formas dependendo da perspectiva abordada. A ‘perspectiva do poder’ tende a ver a política a partir do topo, focalizando nas elites políticas, nas ações e decisões dos líderes políticos, nas mudanças e na formação das políticas de governo. Esta perspectiva normalmente teme o fazer popular das massas, cuja criatividade e politização são muitas vezes enquadradas como irracionalidade. Desta forma, governos como o de Chávez na Venezuela, e o de Morales na Bolívia são classificados como a ‘Má Esquerda’, enquanto que a ‘Concertación’ no Chile e o Governo do Partido dos Trabalhadores no Brasil são tidos como ‘Boa Esquerda’. Por outro lado, muitos pontos de vista com foco nos fazeres de base são desenvolvidos a partir do envolvimento com práticas, imaginários, histórias políticas, culturas e projetos dos ‘oprimidos’, ou seja, daqueles excluídos dos frutos do projeto liberal de mercado-livre e da democracia liberal. São estas perspectivas de base que muitas vezes assumem um compromisso de tornar visíveis e legítimas tais práticas e experiências como um meio para se desenvolver eticamente uma crítica das formas dominantes de poder e de dominação capitalista. A presente edição especial visa contribuir para tal processo de reforço e legitimação das alternativas de base, abrindo janelas para a sua diversidade, complexidade, criatividade e dinamismo.

Muitas das novas manifestações de política popular na região (desde o desenvolvimento de novas formas de poder do Estado em ‘assembléias’ participativas e fóruns de decisão, até certas formas de auto-governo) ampliam a prática e a teoria da política. Estes processos implicam numa politização da comunidade e das relações sociais, tal como na formação de novas subjetividades democráticas (dos setores informais, dos trabalhadores e moradores de favelas urbanas, dos trabalhadores rurais sem-terra, e dos desempregados). Além disso, implica também, frequentemente, numa prática diária aberta, experimental e de construção coletiva de seus projetos sociais de transformação e mudança política. Estas novas formas de política de base quase sempre superam referenciais teóricos e conceituais enraizados num entendimento representacional da organização política e da produção teórica. Estamos diante de práticas políticas que são reconhecidas como de esquerda, mas que diferem de muitas das tradições teóricas da mesma. Há, portanto, muitas vezes um desencontro entre antigas ferramentas de análise e as práticas de novos movimentos. Daí o intuito e a necessidade de reflexão teórica, conceitual e metodológica com base em um compromisso com, e participação em, tais experiências de politização de base.

Sendo assim, o objetivo desta edição é o de contestar a perspectiva do poder, através do desenvolvimento de análises que provenham, e que estejam dialogando com, as políticas populares de base. Isto não significa somente uma micro-análise, mas sim o desenvolvimento de certas orientações teoréticas e normativas que dialoguem com uma multiplicidade de escalas espaciais de análise: do local (comunidade, cotidiano e subjetivo), ao regional, nacional e transnacional. Esperamos que essas análises possam contribuir para forjar categorias teóricas, metodológicas e epistemológicas, bem como ferramentas para diminuir a distância entre os novos movimentos e a academia. Desta forma, em oposição à definição de ‘Pink Tide’ como um projeto homogeneizador, esta edição tem como objetivo apresentar a rica diversidade das muitas Esquerdas através das suas experiências plurais, experimentais, criativas, institucionais, políticas, sociais, subjetivas, cotidianas e afetivas. Os diferentes tipos dessas experiências (sejam elas de educação popular, de movimentos autônomos, ‘assembléias’ participativas, programas sociais, política cultural, cooperativas, etc.) de diferentes países na América Latina proverão a diversidade e a energia criativa que esta edição deseja capturar.

Esta edição alia novas formas de repensar o poder, a mudança política, e a transformação social através da análise de políticas de esquerda provindas de trabalhadores culturais, participantes de movimentos sociais, intelectuais orgânicos, artistas, educadores populares, e ativistas de comunidades – com diferentes formas de ver e de aprender a ver todas as Esquerdas, em suas contradições e tensões, mas também em suas ressonâncias e conexões. Portanto, nesta edição, convidamos reflexões sobre a utilização, por exemplo, de história e música na construção de uma política cultural de resistência, assim como reflexões sobre economia política e pesquisas de movimentos sociais.

Em suma, daremos preferência a trabalhos que provenham de engajamentos de base para produzir análises teórica e empiricamente sólidas, e politicamente transformadoras que possam contribuir para a consolidação e o desenvolvimento de utopias de base de esquerda no século XXI. Por ‘utopia’ entende-se o imaginar e o praticar da impossibilidade tornada possível, não somente reformando mas transformando radicalmente o que existe.   

Recomendamos entrar em contato com os editores o mais breve possível para evitar duplicação enviando-lhes uma sinopse do artigo proposto. Não garantimos que sejam considerados os artigos recebidos após 31 de janeiro de 2011. Caso não possa submeter até esta data e ainda tenha interesse em fazê-lo, por favor entre em contato com os editores (pelo e-mail abaixo) e com a Coordenadora de Edições Futuras da LAP, Rosalind Bresnahan através do e-mail

Convidamos artigos que incluam mas que não sejam limitados às seguintes questões que são o foco desta edição:

–        Quais são os projetos, imaginários e práticas de novas formas de política de base?

–        Qual é o papel dos partidos políticos nestes processos?

–        De que maneiras o Estado funciona como uma barreira ou facilitador de novas formas de política de base?

–        Qual é o papel das pedagogias de dissensão e transformação, muitas vezes baseadas em experiências de educação popular, na formação destas novas formas de política?

–        Como é possível o desenvolvimento de ferramentas conceituais, teóricas e metodológicas para se engajar de maneira significativa com essas novas formas de política?

–        Que tipo de ‘política do saber’ está sendo desenvolvida e como podemos, como pesquisadores comprometidos com o desenvolvimento de políticas que permitam a investigação, aprender e contribuir para isso?

–        Que papel desempenham as pesquisas relevantes de movimentos?

–        Como as Esquerdas moldam e são moldadas por culturas políticas populares emergentes?

–        Quais são as perspectivas futuras para a organização de políticas de base na América Latina tendo em vista a construção de relações em escalas regional e transnacional?

–        Qual é a natureza das relações entre o fenômeno ‘Pink Tide’ e a política externa (para além da América Latina)?

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Por favor, sinta-se a vontade para entrar em contato com o Issue Editor acerca de questões relacionadas com a Edição, mas certifique-se que os artigos (incluindo um arquivo separado, com informações biográficas sucintas, e-mail e endereço postal) sejam enviados para o escritório da LAP em formato Word ou rtf por e-mail para: com o título do assunto – “’Seu nome’ – MS for Reinventing the Lefts issue”

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Managing Editor, Latin American Perspectives, P.O. Box 5703, Riverside, California, 92517-5703, EUA. 

Contato dos Editores desta edição especial:

Sara Mota – Chen –


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