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Tag Archives: Labor Time

World Crisis


From Rebellion to Reform in Bolivia

With Jeff Webber

Tuesday 12 April, 6.30pm
Evo Morales rode to power on a wave of popular mobilisations against the neoliberal policies enforced by his predecessors. Yet many of his economic policies bare striking resemblance to the status quo he was meant to displace.
Based in part on dozens of interviews with leading Bolivian activists, Webber examines the contradictions of Morales’ first term in office.
Jeffery R. Webber teaches at the University of Regina in Canada. He has taught at several institutions in Canada, Europe, and Latin America, where he conducts field research. Webber is a member on the editorial boards of Historical Materialism, Latin American Perspectives, and New Socialist.
The event is free to attend, but please contact us to reserve your place: 020 7637 1848

Islamophobia and the Role of the Intellectual
With Hamid Dabashi & a speaker from Unite Against Fascism (UAF)
Monday 9 May, 6.30pm
Dabashi’s book ‘Brown Skin, White Masks’ picks up where Frantz Fanon left off. He extends Fanon’s insights as they apply to today’s world. Dabashi shows how intellectuals who migrate to the West are often used by the imperial powers to misrepresent their home countries. Just as many Iraqi exiles were used to justify the invasion of Iraq, Dabashi demonstrates that this is a common phenomenon, and examines why and how so many immigrant intellectuals help to sustain imperialism.
Hamid Dabashi is professor of Iranian Studies and Comparative Literature at Columbia University in New York and the author of 18 books and countless articles. His books include ‘Theology of Discontent’ (1993), ‘Iran: A People Interrupted’ (2007), ‘Islamic Liberation Theology: Resisting the Empire’ (2008) and ‘Brown Skins, White Masks’ (2011)
Hamid Dabashi is on a short speaking tour of Europe. Don’t miss the opportunity to hear him, and ask questions, in the relaxed atmosphere of Bookmarks Bookshop.
The event is free to attend, but please contact us to reserve your place: 020 7637 1848

We Sell Our Time No More: Workers’ Struggles Against Lean Production in the British Car Industry
With Paul Stewart
Wednesday 11 May, 6.30pm
This is the story of struggles against management regimes in the car industry in Britain from the period after the Second World War until the contemporary regime of lean production.
Told from the viewpoint of the workers, the book chronicles how workers responded to a variety of management and union strategies, from piece rate working, through measured day work, and eventually to lean production beginning in the late 1980s.
Paul Stewart is Professor of the Sociology of Work and Employment at Strathclyde University. He has been researching and writing on the automotive industry for many years and was joint convenor of the Automotive Workers Research Network.
The event is free to attend, but please contact us to reserve your place: 020 7637 1848

Liberate Your Mind
Bookmarks Bookshop
1 Bloomsbury Street
London WC1B 3QE
020 7637 1848

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Karl Marx


U.S. Marxist-Humanists in Chicago invite you to a series of meetings on:
Marx’s Philosophic Critique of Capital: An Exploration of the Grundrisse

Second and fourth Wednesdays In February, March and April
@ Harold Washington Library
400 S. State Street,
Third Floor- Room 3N-6


Join us for a re-examination of Marx’s analysis of the logic of capital in light of the ongoing global economic and social crisis. The focus of these discussions will be Marx’s ‘Grundrisse’, his draft of ‘Capital’, in which he developed some of his most creative philosophic conceptions. The readings from Marx will be supplemented by selections from Philosophy and Revolution, by Raya Dunayevskaya.

Schedule and Readings

February 9th – The Historical Specificity of Capitalism in the United States: Led by Peter Hudis
Why has U.S. society given rise to claims of American exceptionalism? 
What is distinctive about the development about U.S. capitalism, as compared with Europe?

In what way do such questions relate to the current efforts to reduce government spending and subject society to the whims of the free market?

We will explore Marx’s approach to such questions, as posed his critique of Carey in his Grundrisse.

Reading: Bastiat and Carey, in Grundrisse, by Karl Marx (pp. 883-893)

February 23rd – The Dialectic of Political Economy: Led by J Turk
In what way did Hegel’s philosophy impact Marx’s analysis of capital, and to what extent does dialectical thought remain of importance in providing a comprehensive understanding of contemporary social developments?

We will explore Marx’s approach to these questions, as posed in his Introduction to the Grundrisse.


Introduction, in Grundrisse by Karl Marx (pp. 83-111)
The 1840s: The Birth of Historical Materialism, in Philosophy and Revolution, by Raya Dunayevskaya (pp. 47-60)

March 9th – Alternatives to Capitalism: Past, Present and Future: Led by Anton Evelynov
Does Marx discuss the alternative to capitalism, and if so, what did he say about it?

Why was Marx critical of efforts in his day to limit the critique of capitalism to calls to abolish the free market; and how does that illuminate the shortcomings of 20th and 21st century efforts to transcend capitalism?

We will explore Marx’s approach to this, as posed in the Grundrisse’s critique of efforts to organize exchange.

Critique of Darimon and Proudhon, in Grundrisse, pp. 122-140
On the Eve of World War II: Depression in the Economy and in Thought, by Raya Dunayevskaya, in Philosophy and Revolution, pp.123-127.

March 23rd – Marx’s Concept of the Universally Developed Individual: Led by Marilyn Nissim-Sabat
Why does Marx refer to capitalism as a system based on relation of personal independence that limits the scope of individual initiative and freedom?

Why does he pose the free association of individuals as an alternative to both pre-capitalist and capitalist modes of production?

How do these issues speak to today’s freedom struggles?

We will explore Marx’s discussion of these issues in the part of the Grundrisse devoted to the development of universal needs and capacities.

Reading: Section on the Universality of Needs, in Grundrisse, pp. 156-173.

April 13th – Marx on Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations: Led by Eileen Grace
What was Marx’s understanding of forms of production, exchange, and communal association that precede capitalism?

Did he view pre-capitalist economic formations as containing, in embryo, indications of social and ecological relations that point beyond capitalism?

We will explore Marx’s discussion of these issues in the famous section of the Grundrisse entitled Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations.


Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations in Grundrisse, pp. 471-514
Progressive Epochs of Social Formation in Philosophy and Revolution, by Raya Dunayevskaya, pp. 68-76.

April 27th – The Automaton, Labor Time, and the Quest for a New Society: Led by Peter Hudis
Why has automated and computerized forms of labor, which at one time were heralded as leading to a dramatic shortening of the working day, led instead to an increase in the amount of time that many spend at work?

To what extent does machinery and technology hinder or assist the effort to transcend the alienation that characterizes much of present-day society?

We will explore Marx’s discussion of these issues in the section of the Grundrisse on Machinery.

Machinery, in Grundrisse, pp. 692-712
The Automaton and the Worker, in Philosophy and Revolution, pp. 76-94.

Please note that the Grundrisse is available online at:

Philosophy and Revolution by Raya Dunayevskaya is available from USMH

Sponsored by the U.S. Marxist-Humanists in Chicago, an affiliate of the International Marxist-Humanist Organization
Further information from or by emailing


‘I believe in the afterlife.

It starts tomorrow,

When I go to work’

Cold Hands & Quarter Moon, ‘Human Herbs’ at: (recording) and (live)

Posted here by Glenn Rikowski

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The Philosophy, Interpretation, and Culture Student Alliance at Binghamton University (S.U.N.Y.) Presents:
*The Revolution of Time and the Time of Revolution*
*A conference*
The 25th – 26th of March, 2011

Keynote Speaker:  Dr. Peter Gratton, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of San Diego, CA

What sense of time is produced through radical politics? Is the understanding of time as future part of a radical imagination? If the commitment to radical social change involves looking forward into the future, will that leave us with a sense of futurity that depends on the linearity of yesterday, today, and tomorrow?

To interrogate the emergence of radical creations and socialities, we welcome submissions that theorize time as it relates broadly to politics, cultural conflicts, alternative imaginaries, and resistant practices. Time has historically been thought and inhabited through a variety of frameworks and styles of being. At times the present repeats or seems to repeat the past. There are actions that seem to take place outside of time, to be infinite or instantaneous.

Theories of emergence view time as folding in on itself. Indigenous cosmologies and Buddhist philosophers put forward the possibility of no-time or of circular and cyclical time.

The radical question of time is one around which the work of many scholars has revolved: Derrida on the to-come [*a-venir*] of democracy, Negri’s work on *kairos*, Agamben on kairology, Santos on the expansive notion of the present, Deleuze and Guattari on becoming. This heterological list is far from exhaustive, while hinting at the depth of the theme that our conference cultivates. A central political concern, time invokes our most careful attention and the PIC conference provides the setting for this endeavor. We must find the time for time.

At its core, this conference seeks to explore the relationship between time and revolution. Time here may mean *not just *simple clock and calendar time but rather a way of seeing time as part of a material thread that can go this way and that, weaving* *together* *the fabric of political projects producing the world otherwise. Ultimately, the question of time fosters a critical engagement with potentiality, potency, and power; as well as with the virtual and the actual, of the to be and the always already.

We seek papers, projects, and performances that add to the knowledge of time and revolution, but also ones that clear the way for new thinking, new alliances, new beings.

Some possible topics might include:

  – Radical notions of futurity, historicity, or the expansive present.

  – Conceptions on the right moment of action.

  – The political reality of time as stasis or cyclical.

  – The colonial creation of universal time, and decolonial cosmologies of time.

  – Work on thinkers of time and revolution.

  – Work on potentiality, the virtual, and the actual.

  – Capital and labor time.

In keeping with the interdisciplinary emphasis of Binghamton University’s Program in Philosophy, Interpretation and Culture, we seek work that flourishes in the conjunction of multiple frames of epistemological inquiry, from fields including, but not limited to:  postcolonial studies, decolonial studies, queer and gender studies, ethnic studies, media and visual culture studies, urban studies, science and technology studies, critical theory, critical animal studies, continental philosophy, and historiography.

Workers/writers/thinkers of all different disciplinary, inter-disciplinary, and non-disciplinary stripes welcome, whether academically affiliated or not. Submissions may be textual, performative, visual.

Abstracts of 500 words maximum due by Feburary 1, 2011.  In a separate paragraph state your name, address, telephone number, email and organizational or institutional affiliation, if any.

Email proposals to: with a cc: to

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Speed of Life




Ten years ago, Michael Neary and I wrote a paper for the British Sociological Association Annual Conference 2000 called The Speed of Life: The significance of Karl Marx’s concept of socially necessary labour time. The paper was selected by the BSA’s Publications Committee for inclusion in the annual ‘book of the conference’ for 2000.

We revised and edited our paper, and it came out as Time and Speed in the Social Universe of Capital, in Social Conceptions of Time: Structure and Process in Work and Everyday Life, edited by Graham Crow and Sue Heath (Palgrave Macmillan, 2002).



In addition, our original paper was also put out on The Flow of Ideas website on 13th May 2006. It is in two parts.

Recently, the journal Principia Dialectica has alerted folks to our original paper at The Flow of Ideas on their blog. The relevant post is called ‘Marx, Einstein, Postone…’ and was posted to the Principia Dialectica blog on 1st December 2010. This has led to a lot of traffic going to the original paper posted to The Flow of Ideas in 2006. However, the link provided there does not work, so people have been coming to the paper by other means (including a general link given for The Flow of Ideas in the Principia Dialectica blog’s ‘Links’ section).

Thus, to make it easier for people to get to our original paper I have included the working link (and full reference) here, as:

Neary, M. & Rikowski, G. (2000) The Speed of Life: The significance of Karl Marx’s concept of socially necessary labour-time, a paper presented at the British Sociological Association Annual Conference 2000, ‘Making Time – Marking Time’, University of York, 17 -20 April:

The Principia Dialectica blog home page is at:

The page with their blog about our paper, ‘Marx, Einstein and Postone…’ is at:

Glenn Rikowski

 The Flow of Ideas: